George F. Kennan: The Greatest Architect of US Foreign Policy

Note: This essay was originally written in Winter 2019 Though often associated with Morgenthau, Niebuhr, and the Cold Warriors, George Frost Kennan cannot be exclusively claimed by neorealists. He in fact belonged to neorealism and constructivism respectively – perhaps most importantly as an historian in realpolitik, perched above the limits of these theories. This essay … Continue reading George F. Kennan: The Greatest Architect of US Foreign Policy

Did the East European governments during the Cold War depend on violence to create legitimacy?

The legacy of the Soviet-led Eastern Bloc is often trivialised by a black and white narrative; usually consisting of its legitimacy becoming exhausted by its failure to adopt peaceful democratic methods of government akin to the majority of Western Europe, which fulfilled the ‘end of history’. But the legacy of communism in Eastern Europe is … Continue reading Did the East European governments during the Cold War depend on violence to create legitimacy?